Origin: Sinai desert
Also known as Camel spider, Wind scorpions, Solifugid.
This rarely imported species occasionally arrives in Egyptian
This weird looking arachnid is not in fact a scorpion or spider at all but
belongs to its own order- solifugid. This species can attain a leg span of
5” and a body of 2”. Wind spiders are fast moving aggressive
hunters, capable of over powering much larger prey than itself. Its front
pair of legs are modified as feelers to detect and pull its prey into its
large over sized jaws. Its three pairs of legs are capable of speed making
this creature a fast moving killing machine.
The wind spider is adapted to life in the desert and can withstand the harsh
environment well. As its name suggests it can sometimes be seen tumbling around
in sand storms. To escape the worst of the environment they sometimes make
burrows under bushes, buildings etc. The female will also make a burrow to
lay her eggs.
This can be a challenging captive, but the examples we have imported recently
have arrived in good condition. The wind spider is a seasonal animal so life
expectance is not long, and growth is rapid due to their huge appetite. They
are best kept in an aquarium with sand and potting compost mix, they don’t
require humidity but some will drink form shallow water dishes or damp cotton
wool. Temperatures should be in the 80°F with a 10°F night drop.
Temperature variations should be provided, with hot and cooler spots. The
opportunity to burrow must be provided, especially when dealing with wild
Take a look at the size of this creature’s jaws and you will appreciate
the immense power, as previously mentioned overpowering a larger creature is
not a problem. In the wild the diet would consist of small lizards & invertebrates,
in captivity suitably sized commercial raised live foods are satisfactory.
Not much is known about the breeding cycle of this species, although the
female is known to bury her eggs in a burrow. The hatching time is not known,
so if you are lucky enough to have a female lay a clutch of eggs make sure
you write notes of what happens, even if it is nothing at all.
Overall this is an amazing creature, not for the novice but if you have experience
with inverts why not give it a go? The wind spider is not venomous in any way
but those jaws can give a very painful bite, I have not been bitten myself,
but I bet if it bites it won’t let go!